Studie: Approach and avoidance bias for thin-ideal and normal-weight body shapes in anorexia nervosa

Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2020 Sep;28(5):536-550. doi: 10.1002/erv.2744. Epub 2020 May 19.
(hier geht es direkt zum paper)

Timo Brockmeyer, Kathrin Burdenski, Alisa Anderle, Mona M Voges, Silja Vocks, Hagen Febry (geb. Schmidt), Wally Wünsch-Leiteritz, Andreas Leiteritz, Hans-Christoph Friederich


Objective: The two studies aimed to examine implicit affective evaluations of thin-ideal and normal-weight body shapes in women with anorexia nervosa (AN), taking identification with body shapes into account.

Method: In study 1, approach-avoidance bias for thin-ideal and normal-weight bodies was assessed in 40 women with AN and 40 healthy women by using an Approach-Avoidance Task and female avatar bodies with a standard face as stimuli. In study 2, 39 women with AN and 38 healthy women underwent a similar task but identification with bodies was manipulated by presenting bodies once with the participant’s own face and once with another woman’s face.

Results: In study 1, patients with AN did not differ from healthy participants in their automatic approach-avoidance tendencies towards thin-ideal and normal-weight bodies. In study 2, no definite approach bias for a thin self and no avoidance bias for thin other women or for a normal-weight self were found. However, as compared to healthy women, those with AN showed a less positive implicit evaluation of thin other women, and an implicit preference for thin bodies depicted as themselves over thin bodies depicted as another woman.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that intra-sexual competition for being slim is increased in AN.